Women are more susceptible to this condition. Approximately 90% of the incidences of melasma occur in women. People with dark skin and those with a relative who has melasma are also more at risk for developing this condition.
The cells in the skin that are responsible for pigmentation become hyperactive. The exact cause for this hyperactivity is unclear. The triggering factors are thought to be increased sunlight exposure, change in hormones during pregnancy, use of birth control pills and hormone replacement.
Besides the unsightly appearance caused by the blotches of dark pigmentation on the cheeks, forehead, and other sun-exposed areas of the skin, there are no other symptoms.
Your doctor may be able to make the diagnosis by examining your skin and discussing your symptoms.
At One Skin Clinic you can expect to receive in-depth evaluation by Dr. Najia Shaikh to determine the triggering factors and cause of the melasma/hyperpigmentation. Individualized therapy will be provided from various treatment options to ensure a marked improvement in the appearance of your skin.